Type Of Multiple Intelligences

Back 1. Musical–Rhythmic and Harmonic: Musicality

This area has to do with sensitivity to sounds, rhythms, tones, and music. People with a high musical intelligence normally have good pitch and may even have absolute pitch, and are able to sing, play musical instruments, and compose music. They have sensitivity to rhythm, pitch, meter, tone, melody or timbre. It entails the ability to use spoken and written language to achieve certain goals. Leaders, lawyers, speakers, writers, poets and journalists are examples of people who have linguistic intelligence. James Joyce and William Shakespeare had superior verbal-linguistic abilities.

2. Visual–Spatial: Spatial intelligence (psychology)

This area deals with spatial judgment and the ability to visualize with the mind's eye. Spatial ability is one of the three factors beneath g in the hierarchical model of intelligence. It involves the ability to analyze logically and carry out mathematical operations in order to answer questions or to create useful products. Mathematicians, statisticians, logicians, accountants, bankers, scientists etc. use logical-mathematical intelligence. Thomas Edison and Benjamin Franklin were exceedingly gifted in this domain.

3. Verbal–Linguistic: Linguistic intelligence

People with high verbal-linguistic intelligence display a facility with words and languages. They are typically good at reading, writing, telling stories and memorizing words along with dates. Verbal ability is one of the most g-loaded abilities. This type of intelligence is measured with the Verbal IQ in WAIS-III. Individuals with interpersonal intelligence have the ability to understand the motivations, intentions, and desires of other people. As a result, they are very effective in working with others. Political leaders, managers, salespeople, educators, clinicians and coaches are examples of professionals who need a sharp interpersonal intelligence to be successful in their fields. Two examples in this field would be President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill

4. Logical–Mathematical: Reason

This area has to do with logic, abstractions, reasoning, numbers and critical thinking. This also has to do with having the capacity to understand the underlying principles of some kind of causal system. Logical reasoning is closely linked to fluid intelligence and to general intelligence (g factor). This involves the capacity to understand oneself and to develop effective personal strategies in one’s own life, taking into account one’s capacities, inclinations, aspirations, and fears. General George S. Patton, Ernest Hemingway and Virginia Wolf are examples of self-smart individuals. Interpersonal intelligence and intrapersonal intelligence have also been proposed as emotional intelligence. Both are of growing importance in this new millennium.

5. Bodily–Kinesthetic: Gross motor skill and Fine motor skill

The core elements of the bodily-kinesthetic intelligence are control of one's bodily motions and the capacity to handle objects skillfully. Gardner elaborates to say that this also includes a sense of timing, a clear sense of the goal of a physical action, along with the ability to train responses. People who have high bodily-kinesthetic intelligence should be generally good at physical activities such as sports, dance, acting, and making things. Gardner believes that careers that suit those with high bodily-kinesthetic intelligence include: athletes, dancers, musicians, actors, builders, police officers, and soldiers. Although these careers can be duplicated through virtual simulation, they will not produce the actual physical learning that is needed in this intelligence. It entails the ability in the appreciation, performance, and composition of music. It doesn’t make sense to call musical intelligence a gift and logical-mathematical reasoning intelligence. In small kids this talent becomes apparent when they show the ability to discern between rhythms, instruments or when being attracted to singing or playing an instrument. Like the following two intelligences, musical intelligence can be put to many other uses. They can be used to lose track of mundane concerns, alter perception, make inferences about patterns in other domains, and feel enriched and ennobled while engaging in these activities. Artists such as Ludwig van Beethoven, Jimi Hendrix and Bob Dylan demonstrated exceptional musical intelligence.

6. Interpersonal: Social skills

This area has to do with interaction with others. In theory, individuals who have high interpersonal intelligence are characterized by their sensitivity to others' moods, feelings, temperaments and motivations, and their ability to cooperate in order to work as part of a group. According to Gardner in How Are Kids Smart: Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom, "Inter- and Intra- personal intelligence is often misunderstood with being extroverted or liking other people...". Those with high interpersonal intelligence communicate effectively and empathize easily with others, and may be either leaders or followers. They often enjoy discussion and debate. Gardner believes that careers that suit those with high interpersonal intelligence include sales persons, Politicians, managers, teachers, counselors and social workers. The individuals who are body smart, can use their whole body or parts of their body to solve problems or create products. Athletes and actors such as Pete Sampras and Denzel Washington are examples of professionals that utilize bodily kinesthetic intelligence.

7. Intrapersonal: Introspection

This area has to do with introspective and self-reflective capacities. This refers to having a deep understanding of the self; what one's strengths/ weaknesses are, what makes one unique, being able to predict one's own reactions/emotions. Individuals with spatial intelligence excel at recognizing and manipulating information concerning the patterns of space. Hunters, pilots, navigators, sculptors, chess players, surgeons, graphic artists, and architects are examples of people who need this special capacity. Leonardo da Vinci’s special gifts in this domain helped accelerate our understanding of three-dimensional representation.

8. Naturalistic: Nature

This area has to do with nurturing and relating information to one’s natural surroundings. Examples include classifying natural forms such as animal and plant species and rocks and mountain types. This ability was clearly of value in our evolutionary past as hunters, gatherers, and farmers; it continues to be central in such roles as botanist or chef. This sort of ecological receptiveness is deeply rooted in a "sensitive, ethical, and holistic understanding" of the world and its complexities–including the role of humanity within the greater ecosphere. It entails the core ability to recognize members of different species, the flora and fauna, of his or her environment. It is the talent of caring for and interacting with living creatures and recognizing patterns that can be used in many different areas like social sciences, art, poetry and financial markets among others. Charles Darwin used his naturalist intelligence to profoundly influence our thinking about human evolution.

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